Either it can be a federal government or can be a unitary government. It is important to understand the differences between these two type of government due to different forms of relationships that exists between the center and the units or the states.
Unitary System — Essay Article shared by There is constant demand for greater autonomy for the states with increased powers in respect of planning, finance, taxation and judiciary.
The matter has been hotly debated and kinds of different and opposite views have been expressed. On the one hand, there are people who are opposed to the very concept of federation and who advocate a unitary from of government. They are all out for a strong centre.
On the other hand, there are those who would prefer a weak center and autonomous states, independent in every matter except defense and foreign policy. Let us examine the facts of the case and then arrive at a dispassionate conclusion.
It has a bewildering multiplicity of religions, languages and cultures. People living in one part of country differ radically from those in other parts. Thus, a Bengali is entirely different from a Punjabi or a Kashmiri in his way ways of living, traditions and customs.
It was for this reason that the framers of our constitution preferred federalism to Unitarianism, for it is in a federal set up alone that every reason, every state, can enjoy sufficient autonomy to live in its own way, and at the same time, the unity and integrity of the country can be preserved.
It ensures a strong centre, as well as provides for the full growth and development of the culture of each region. The framers of the constitution were quite conscious of possibility of center-state conflicts, and so the powers and jurisdiction of each have been carefully defined and demarcated in the constitution.
There is a detailed list of subjects for the center, and another one for the states. Besides this, there is a concurrent list, including subjects which fall within the jurisdiction of both the center and the states.
The centre has been given wide powers to ensure uniformity and co-ordination of administrative standards, to provide positive leadership in the social and economic spheres, and to protect the country from external aggression and internal subversion.
It has been provided for that the state Governments have to comply with the laws enacted by parliament and that the central government is entitled to give such directions to the state governments as it may consider necessary for the purpose.
The state governments have been directed not to do anything which may prejudice or impede the exercise by the center of its power in the state. The constitution fully takes into account the needs both of the centre and the states.
The constitution also provides for times of emergency.
In times of war or when there is a threat to law and order, a nation must use every possible means to the danger. If the federal character of the constitution is temporarily discarded and the country is ruled as under a unitary system, and if the fundamental rights of citizenship are suspended for the duration of the emergency, no serious objection can be taken to such extra-ordinary measures.
The constitution also provides that, when a situation has arisen whereby the financial stability or credibility of the country is threatened, the president may declare a state of financial emergency and may give directions to any state or states in order to ensure that there is no misuse of funds, and financial stability is achieved.
The center has also the power to intervene in the internal affairs of a state if; such intervention is justified by the law and order situation, prevailing in that state. The centre can post its armed forced or its Para-Military forces to safeguard its installations in any state, if the situation they makes such a step necessary.
Further, in case of inter-state disputes the center can intervene and if considered desirable, can even alter state boundaries.
Nov 25, · Unitary and federal systems The distinction between unitary and federal states. No modern country can be governed from a single location only. The affairs of municipalities and rural areas must be left to the administration of local benjaminpohle.comingly, all countries have at least two levels of government: central and local. In this essay I will discuss the advantages and disadvantages of 3 government systems; unitary, confederate, and federal. Although some government systems might have similarities with the others, they are all very different and have different problems. Federal System vs. Unitary System – Essay Article shared by There is constant demand for greater autonomy for the states with increased powers in respect of planning, finance, taxation and judiciary.
It can send its armed forces to prevent secessation or threat of secessation on the part of any state.Advantages and Disadvantages of the Unitary, Confederation and the Federal system of the Government We can look at governmental systems as a continuum from a unitary type to a confederacy with federalism sitting in the middle.
Federal and unitary systems of government. Essay.
The central government is allocated tit the external political Issues I - Federal and unitary systems of benjaminpohle.com introduction. E. Unitary and federal government systems operate on the principles of checks and balances and the separation of powers.
Unitary systems control all local governments such as city, regional, provincial, and municipal. The president using unitary form of government “has the entire local governments.
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Federal and unitary systems of government Essay Sample. Federal and unitary systems of authorities have many similar qualities therefore it becomes hard to decode between the two - Federal and unitary systems of government Essay Sample introduction.
In order to exemplify the trouble in seeking to separate between the two. Federal and unitary systems of government Essay Sample. Federal and unitary systems of government have many similar qualities therefore it becomes difficult to decipher between the two.