Sample Citations The following examples illustrate the notes and bibliography style. Sample notes show full citations followed by shortened forms that would be used after the first citation. Sample bibliography entries follow the notes. For more details and many more examples, see chapters 16 and 17 of Turabian.
These styles are essentially the same as those presented in The Chicago Manual of Style, seventeenth edition, with slight modifications for the needs of student writers. Bibliography style is used widely in literature, history, and the arts. This style presents bibliographic information in footnotes or endnotes and, usually, a bibliography.
The more concise author-date style has long been used in the physical, natural, and social sciences. In this system, sources are briefly cited in parentheses in the text by author's last name and date of publication. The parenthetical citations are amplified in a list of references, where full bibliographic information is provided.
Aside from the use of notes versus parenthetical references in the text, the two systems share a similar style. Click on the tabs below to see some common examples of materials cited in each style.
For a more detailed description of the styles and numerous specific examples, see chapters 16 and 17 of the 8th edition of Turabian for bibliography style and chapters 18 and 19 for author-date style.
If you are uncertain which style to use in a paper, consult your instructor. Sample Citations The following examples illustrate citations using notes-bibliography style. Examples of notes are followed by shortened versions of citations to the same source.
For more details and many more examples, see chapters 16 and 17 of Turabian. For examples of the same citations using the author-date system, click on the Author-Date tab above.
Book One author 1. Malcolm Gladwell, The Tipping Point: Little, Brown, Gladwell, Tipping Point, Two or more authors 1. Harvard University Press, Morey and Yaqin, Framing Muslims, Morey, Peter, and Amina Yaqin. Harvard University Press, For four or more authors, list all of the authors in the bibliography; in the note, list only the first author, followed by "et al.
University of California Press, Art and Aesthetics after Adorno. University of California Press, Editor or translator instead of author 1. University of Chicago Press, The Iliad of Homer.
University of Chicago Press, Editor or translator in addition to author 1. An Annotated Edition, ed. Robert Morrison Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, Edited by Robert Morrison.
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, Chapter or other part of a book 1. Representation and Reality, ed.
University of Texas Press, Ramirez, "Muslim Women," The Persistence of Subaltern Images. Representation and Reality, edited by Faegheh Shirazi, Turabian style citation was developed by Kate L.
Turabian. This format was created exactly for student writers dealing with their academic hell load of papers. The documentation system is based on two points such as notes-bibliography format which is also known just as bibliographic format and author-date style.
Parenthetical citations are the preferred method to indicate in-text citations throughout the paper. A reference list is the preferred method for compiling sources in one list at the end of the paper. Chicago/Turabian Documentation Style.
The Chicago or Turabian style, sometimes called documentary note or humanities style, places bibliographic citations at the bottom of a page or at the end of a paper. This online guide is based on A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses and Dissertations (8th edition), by Kate L.
Turabian.. It is essential to acknowledge the ownership of resources used in your academic writing. At AUT, students in the School of Art & Design or Te Ara Poutama may be asked to use the Chicago/Turabian (8th edition) Notes-Bibliography style to format references.
CITATION QUICK GUIDE. Notes and Bibliography: Sample Citations. The following examples illustrate the notes and bibliography style.
Sample notes show full citations followed by shortened forms that would be used after the first citation. The Turabian style is a citing and referencing system based on the Chicago style and named after Kate Turabian, from the University of Chicago, who authored a manual to guide students in citing and referencing when writing research papers.