Several neurodegenerative disorders also may present with parkinsonism and are sometimes referred to as "atypical parkinsonism" or "Parkinson plus" syndromes illnesses with parkinsonism plus some other features distinguishing them from PD. They include multiple system atrophyprogressive supranuclear palsycorticobasal degenerationand dementia with Lewy bodies DLB. Some of these non-motor symptoms may be present at the time of diagnosis.
It can have the following impact: Not getting enough sleep prevents the body from strengthening the immune system and producing more cytokines to fight infection.
This can mean a person can take longer to recover from illness as well as having an increased risk of chronic illness. Sleep deprivation can also result in an increased risk of new and advanced respiratory diseases.
A lack of sleep can affect body weight. Two hormones in the body, leptin and ghrelin, control feelings of hunger and satiety, or fullness.
The levels of these hormones are affected by sleep. Sleep deprivation also causes the release of insulinwhich leads to increased fat storage and a higher risk of type 2 diabetes. Sleep helps the heart vessels to heal and rebuild as well as affecting processes that maintain blood pressure and sugar levels as well as inflammation control.
Not sleeping enough increases the risk of cardiovascular disease. Insufficient sleep can affect hormone productionincluding growth hormones and testosterone in men.
Causes Sleep deprivation occurs when someone does not get a healthy amount of sleep. Newborns 0 to 3 months: This intentional sleep deprivation is most likely to be seen in teenagers and young adults.
Others may unintentionally not get enough sleep because of shift work, family obligations, or demanding jobs.
Consistent sleep-wake patterns of going to bed late, frequent nighttime arousals, or waking up early can lead to sleep deprivation and the accumulation of sleep debt. Additional causes of sleep deprivation include medical problems such as depressionobstructive sleep apneahormone imbalances, and other chronic illnesses.
Treatment Treatment is only required when a person physically cannot get to sleep, due to either physical or psychological difficulties. A therapist or sleep specialist will be able to offer guidance and coping techniques for reaching a restful state and sleeping.
There are two main avenues of treatment for sleep deprivation: Behavioral and cognitive measures and medications. Behavioral and cognitive treatments There are a number of effective methods to enhance sleep that do not require medication, including: Progressive muscle relaxation involving tensing and untensing different muscles in the body to help calm the body.
Meditation techniques, mindfulness training, breathing exercises, and guided imagery can also help in this area. Audio recordings are available that can help a person fall asleep at night.
This involves controlling pre-bedtime activities and surroundings to moderate the sleeping pattern. For example, a person controlling their stimulus would spend time in bed only when they feel sleepy, which controls the association between being in bed and feeling ready to sleep.
Cognitive behavioral therapy CBT: This is a type of therapy designed to help people understand and change the thought patterns behind certain behaviors. It can challenge beliefs that may not be healthy and promote rational, positive thought.
CBT can help a person to develop a healthier sleeping pattern. Medications When non-medicinal treatment is not effective, drugs are available that can help induce sleep.
Some are available over-the-counter OTCand some are only available with a valid prescription. There is a wide range of available options, including benzodiazepines, non-benzodiazepine hypnotics, and melatonin receptor antagonists.
However, some people form a dependency on sleeping medications. It is important to limit the dosage and try to use non-medicinal measures where possible. Home management The good news is that most of the negative effects of sleep deprivation reverse when sufficient sleep is obtained.Eustress vs.
Distress We mentioned it earlier and it bears repeating: stress is not always a bad benjaminpohle.com is simply the body's response to changes that create taxing demands. Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by our professional academic writers.
You can view samples of our professional work here.. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UK Essays. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy - Brief history of the theory and theorist.
In it's simplest form, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, (or CBT as it will be referred to from here on out), refers to the approach of changing dysfunctional behaviors and thoughts to realistic and healthy ones. Learn about sleep deprivation and the surprising effects it can have on your body and health.
Our hormones, artery health, and how much fat we store are some aspects that can be badly affected if.
Eustress vs. Distress We mentioned it earlier and it bears repeating: stress is not always a bad benjaminpohle.com is simply the body's response to changes that create taxing demands.
Therapeutic Use of Humor Description - The therapeutic use of humor can be loosely defined as any activities that use the positive emotional responses associated with humor, smiling and laughter to specifically benefit one or more clients’ social, emotional, physical, cognitive or wellness domains.