Definitions[ edit ] The definition of a peer review body can be broad, including not only individuals but also for example, in Oregon"tissue committees, governing bodies or committees including medical staff committees of a [licensed] health care facility It includes the following statements:
Rationale Performance appraisals are one of the most important requirements for successful business and human resource policy Kressler, Rewarding and promoting effective performance in organizations, as well as identifying ineffective performers for developmental programs or other personnel actions, are essential to effective to human resource management Pulakos, Evaluating employee performance is a difficult task.
After a review of literature, a performance appraisal model will be described in detail. The model discussed is an example of a performance appraisal system that can be implemented in a large institution of higher education, within the Student Affairs division.
The model can be applied to tope level, middle-level and lower level employees. Evaluation instruments forms are provided to assist you with implementation the appraisal system. Introduction Performance evaluations have been conducted since the times of Aristotle Landy,Zedeck, Cleveland, The earliest formal employee performance evaluation program is thought to have originated in the United States military establishment shortly after the birth of the republic Lopez, It also provides for the raw data for the evaluation of the effectiveness of such personnel- system components and processes as recruiting policies, training programs, selection rules, promotional strategies, and reward allocations Landy,Zedeck, Cleveland, In addition, it provides the foundation for behaviorally based employee counseling.
In the counseling setting, performance information provides the vehicle for increasing satisfaction, commitment, and motivation of the employee. Performance measurement allows the organization to tell the employee something about their rates of growth, their competencies, and their potentials.
There is little disagreement that if well done, performance measurements and feedback can play a valuable role in effecting the grand compromise between the needs of the individual and the needs of the organization Landy, Zedeck, Cleveland, Purpose Performance appraisals should focus on three objectives: Both the supervisor and employee should recognize that a strong relationship exists between training and performance evaluation Barr, Each employee should be allowed to participate in periodic sessions to review performance and clarify expectations.
Both the supervisor and the employee should recognize these sessions as constructive occasions for two-way communication. Sessions should be scheduled ahead of time in a comfortable setting and should include opportunities for self-assessment as well as supervisor feedback.
These sessions will be particularly important for new employees who will benefit from early identification of performance problems. Once these observations have been shared, the supervisor and employee should develop a mutual understanding about areas for improvement, problems that need to be corrected, and additional responsibilities that might be undertaken.
When the goals are identified, a plan for their achievement should be developed. The plan may call for resources or support from other staff members in order to meet desired outcomes.
In some cases, the plan might involve additional training.32 CHAPTER – 3 REVIEW OF LITERATURE INTORDUCTION: Review of literature has vital relevance with any research work due to literature review the possibility of repetition of study .
Chapter 3: Literature Review Introduction Performance evaluation reflects an employees actual job performance levels, but in order to get a true picture, the rating must be accurate. The results of performance appraisal must be given frequently to an employee if they are to.
STUDY OF EFFECTIVENESS OF PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL SYSTEM IN SELECTED INDIAN COMPANIES Shivali Jindal *1, Laveena 2, Navneet 3 *1 Assistant Professor, Chitkara University, Punjab, INDIA LITERATURE REVIEW Will Artley () discussed .
Impact of performance appraisal on employee’s performance involvingthe Moderating Role of Motivation The objective of this study is to develop a model linking performance appraisal to theperformance Literature Review: Performance appraisal. Carlos JP. (). Comments on Fluoride. Journal of Pedodontics Winter: CDC.
Recommendations for Using Fluoride to Prevent and Control Dental Caries in the United States. Literature Review of Research related to Performance Appraisal.
Print Reference this. An overview of the extensive historical research related to performance appraisal,as well as the theories of motivation related to performance appraisals is presented.
who study the relationship between performance and motivation in organizations.