He regarded his peak oil calculation as independent of reserve estimates.
This is because infrastructure, technology, and automobiles consume massive amounts of copper. Behind silver, copper is the second best metal for conducting electricity. From power grids to motherboards, copper wire is indispensable to modern society.
Copper is also essential for green energy and a sustainable future. For example, each generation of car needs more copper wiring: Further, it is estimated that an average of 3.
The Copper Supply Problem The problem is: A study by Wood Mackenzie found that there will be a 10 million tonne supply deficit by There are several reasons for this. First, it now takes longer to go from discovery to production than ever before in the mining industry.
Geological, environmental, and political challenges have brought the average lead time to around 20 years for new mines. Beyond all of the challenges above, the economics also have to line up. Copper mining is all about grade or scale.
The majority of global output comes from mega mines that have massive economies of scale to reduce costs. However, it has been a long-running trend that the grades for these established mines are dropping.
Inthe copper grade was 1. The Coming Supply Gap Add these factors together, and stocks of copper are at their lowest levels since With 10 Escondidas needed to fill a 10 million tonne supply deficit bymetals investors need to stay vigilant as changes in the market will be coming.A SUMMATION of individual demand curves gives MARKET DEMAND, which, since individual curves decline, will also decline.
gasoline/roller skates????? (Note: more formal discussion of substitutes and compliments in optional DEMAND AND SUPPLY (INTRODUCTION) Author: David Carlson.
Executive Summary. Canada’s Energy Future Energy Supply and Demand Projections to (EF ) is a continuation of the National Energy Board’s (NEB) Energy Futures series.
The Board released the last full report, Canada’s Energy Future (EF ), in November In developing EF , the NEB met with various energy experts and interested stakeholders, including. THE BASICS 2 2 I 5 UNIT INVESTOR EDUCATION Prices for goods or services in any market depend largely on the supply and demand of the product or service.
Demand is a pretty straightforward concept, but there are a few other things to keep in mind: Individual vs.
Market Demand Not surprisingly, demand for any given item varies from person to person. PETROLEUM REFINING AND THE PROD UCTION OF ULSG AND ULSD OCTOBER 24, Page 2 2. PETROLEUM REFINING AT A GLANCE Petroleum refining is a unique and critical link in the petroleum supply chain, from the wellhead to.
PADD 5 transportation fuels markets have features that often result in significant and persistent increases in prices in the wake of supply disruptions. The region is geographically isolated from other.